“How could we have ever believed that it was a good idea to grow our food with poisons? ~ Jane Goodall

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Sometimes I copy an article – I always link to the source  – this article describes exactly what I believe about one of the  causes of autism.

We have to take some time to realize that the huge increases in autism and dementia that we are experiencing are not normal.

In the US 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with autism.

In Dominica we are soaking the ground with hundreds maybe 1000’s of gallons of insecticides and herbicides like Roundup every year.  We only started in the 1960’s or so – but our autism rate has also grown – buy organic stop this environmental pollution of our beautiful land.

The prevalence of autism in U.S. children increased by 119.4 percent from 2000 (1 in 150) to 2010 (1 in 68). 

Experts say autism is the fastest-growing developmental disability. Years down the line many autistic children will be adults who need ongoing medical care.

This article is from Collective Evolution – a Toronto based grassroots organization created in 2009, CE is now one of the world’s most popular alternative media, production, and community outlets that gives readers an opportunity to reshape their everyday way of thinking. CE’s content ranges from full-length articles, to videos, to live events, all of which share one common goal: to raise awareness about how our world functions, and to encourage conscious change that moves beyond it.

Join Collective Evolution on Facebook or check out their website Collective Evolution .com

Here is the article

There is no single known cause for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but it is widely accepted by the scientific community that it is triggered by abnormalities in brain structure and function. This has been established in studies which illustrate the differences in the shape and structure of the autistic brain compared to those seen in the brains of neurotypical children. There is also a decent amount of evidence to support the theory that some children are born with a susceptibility to autism, but scientists have yet to identify this “trigger.” This is why researches have theorized that irregular segments of genetic code may be the root cause of autism.

In recent years, however, a wealth of information has emerged that was once never even considered. Despite the fact that the cause for autism isn’t certain, and that it’s highly unlikely researchers will ever find that ‘one’ cause of autism, scientists are now realizing that autism could be the result of the modern day human lifestyle. There are a number of significant studies that should be ringing alarm bells in the medical and scientific communities in this regard.

I’d also like to mention that autism is a large spectrum, some of what we are seeing here are in no way a ‘disability.’ Some may be due to malformations at critical stages of development due to the factors mentioned in this article. Other cases could be a gift, a slight evolutionary leap or an ability to access other parts of the brain. I just want to make it clear that the spectrum is huge, and many children who are diagnosed with ASDs do not have their brain scanned, much of the time they are diagnosed strictly through observation and social tendencies.

Environmental Toxins

Since autism is strongly correlated with malformations during critical stages of development, especially in fetal states, scientists are finding that some of the strongest predictors for autism are associated with the environment. At particular stages of pregnancy the fetus is extremely vulnerable to whatever toxins the mother is exposed to, such as plasticers, prescription drugs, and environmental pesticides.

As Andrey Rzhetsky, Professor of Genetic Medicine and Human Genetics at the University of Chicago points out, “some of these small molecules essentially alter normal development.” A couple of years ago he published a study in the journal PLOS Computational Biology with researchers at the University of Chicago; it revealed that autism and intellectual disability (ID) rates are linked with exposure to harmful environmental factors during congenital development. His team looked at data that covered one third of the United States population, as well as more than 21 countries. They found that environmental lead, medications, and a large variety of other synthetic molecules (like pesticides, mercury, aluminum and more) all wreak havoc on the fetus. These substances were also linked with congenital malformations of male genitalia – which is strongly correlated with autism. (source)(source)

This is one out of many significant studies which should really be signaling to the medical and scientific community that preventative measures are crucial in the fight against autism; parents who want to decrease their risk of bearing a child with autism need to be educated in such measures.

“It’s time to start looking for the environmental culprits responsible for the remarkable increase in the rate of autism.” –  Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Epidemiology Professor at University of California, Davis. (source)

It should be clear that autism goes well beyond a genetic problem. Our environment is full of neurodevelopment toxins, which are substances that alter how the brain grows. Polychlorinated diphenyl, lead, mercury, aluminum, brominated flame retardants, and pesticides are a few out of many examples.

There is a reason why, in the United States alone, autism rates have risen from 1;10,000 in 1981 to 1;68 in 2014. It’s time to look at our environment.

If we were to focus on just one (out of dozens) of these environmental toxins that we are exposed to on a daily basis, it would not be difficult to see how it could significantly increase the chances for autism. Throw in the dozens of other toxins that are equally as problematic, and the picture becomes much clearer.

Let’s take a look at pesticides, if only because billions of tonnes of these chemicals are sprayed on food and in our environment each year. In the United States alone, over 1 billion pounds of pesticides are sprayed every year, and approximately 5.6 billion pounds are used worldwide. It’s also disturbing to note, as emphasized by multiple publications, that all commercial formulations of pesticides are very complex mixtures of active and other ingredients. These “other” ingredients “include a wide variety of substances which are added to increase the efficacy of the product in a cost-effective manner. Information regarding these other compounds is considered proprietary business information and is not publicly available.” (source)

That being said, the information that we do have about the active ingredients in pesticides still paints a shocking picture.

For example, a study coming out of the University of California, Davis, determined that pregnant women who live in close proximity to land and farms where chemical pesticides are/were applied experience a two-thirds increased risk of having a child with autism spectrum disorder or some other developmental disorder.

The study examined associations between pesticides — including organophosphates (a main ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide) — that were applied during the participants’ pregnancies and a later diagnosis of autism or developmental delay in their children.

The study was published online this summer in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.(1) It concluded that proximity to organophosphates alone, at some point during gestation, was associated with a 60% increased risk for ASD:

This study validates the results of earlier research that had reported associations between having a child with autism and prenatal exposure to agricultural chemicals in California. While we still must investigate whether certain sub-groups are more vulnerable to exposures to these compounds than others, the message is very clear: Women who are pregnant should take special care to avoid contact with agricultural chemicals whenever possible.  – Janie F. Shelton, a UC Davis graduate student who now consults with the United Nations, lead author of the study (source)

Many people like to mention that correlation does not mean causation, but they fail to use the Bradford Hill Criteria and consider just how much information correlates with the evidence at hand.

“How could we have ever believed that it was a good idea to grow our food with poisons? . . . As part of the process, they portrayed the various concerns as merely the ignorant opinions of misinformed individuals — and derided them as not only unscientific, but anti-science. They then set to work to convince the public and government officials, through the dissemination of false information, that there was an overwhelming expert consensus, based on solid evidence, that GMOs were safe.” – Jane Goodall

The study cited above found that organophosphates applied over the course of pregnancy were associated with an elevated risk of autism spectrum disorder. The study also found that exposures to insecticides for those living near agricultural areas may be problematic, especially during gestation, because a developing fetal brain is more vulnerable to such chemicals than an adult’s.

Because these pesticides are neurotic, in utero exposures during early development may distort the complex processes of structural development and neuronal singling producing alterations to the excitation and inhibition mechanisms that govern mood, learning, social interactions and behaviour.

“Because of the observed associations in humans and direct effects on neurodevelopmental toxicity in animal studies, caution is warranted for women to avoid direct contact with pesticides during pregnancy.”(source)

These pesticides are not just potential factors for the development of atusim, The active ingredient in Roundup is Glyphosate, which was recently linked to cancer by the World Health Organization (source). It was also found to be 125 times more toxic than regulators claimed. (source)

Pesticides sprayed on our food have also been linked to birth defects. (source) A paper published in the journal Pediatrics found that prenatal exposure to some of the pesticides sprayed on our food could impair the anthropometric development of the fetus, reducing the birth weight, length, and head circumference. (source)

There are a number of studies that have examined pesticide-induced diseases in fetuses. You can view some of them here.

Canadian research has also identified the presence of GMO-associated pesticides in maternal, fetal, and non-pregnant women’s blood. They also found the presence of Monsanto’s Bt toxin. The study was published in the journal Reproductive Toxicology in 2011. (source)

The study concluded that, apart from pesticides, Monsanto’s Bt toxins are clearly detectable and appear to cross the placenta to the fetus. The study pointed out that the fetus is highly susceptible to the adverse affects of xenobiotics (foreign chemical substances found within an organism that are not naturally produced). This is why the study emphasized that knowing more about GMOs is crucial, because environmental agents could disrupt the biological events that are required to ensure normal growth and development.

Here is another study that shows glyphosate can cause abnormalities. It was published in 2010 by the American Chemical Society; the research was conducted at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

“The direct effect of glyphosate on early mechanisms of morphogenesis in vertebrate embryos opens concerns about the clinical findings from human offspring in populations exposed to GBH in agricultural fields.”

In late 2013, the European Food Safety Authority determined that pesticides may negatively affect the development of neurons and brain structures in unborn babies.

“Given the ubiquitous exposure to many environmental toxicants, there needs to be renewed efforts to prevent harm. Such prevention should not await detailed evidence on individual hazards. . . . Toxic exposure to chemical pollutants during these windows of increased susceptibility can cause disease and disability in childhood and across the entire span of human life.” (source)From the world’s foremost pediatricians, toxicologists, environmental scientists, and epidemiologists at a conference held in 2007

“Chemical pollution represents a serious threat to children and to Man’s survival.” (source)  – The Standing Committee of European Doctors

As you can see above, environmental toxins are of big concern. Just to reiterate, we are talking about multiple toxins found in a variety of products that have found their way into the human lifestyle. Air fresheners, pesticides, prescription drugs, fluoride (neuro-toxin), and a host of other contaminants could all be contributing factors for autism. This is probably why scientists have not been able to identify one specific cause. Considering how many environmental toxins we are regularly exposed to, it becomes clear that we are dealing with multiple instigators which, in combination, represent serious cause for concern.

http://www.collective-evolution.com/2015/12/01/parents-what-youre-not-being-told-about-autism-what-causes-it/

Studies

http://www.mailman.columbia.edu/news/prenatal-exposure-insecticide-chlorpyrifos-linked-alterations-brain-structure-and-cognition

http://www.chlorpyrifos.com/news/

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“The classic permaculture model sounds like this: permaculture practiced on the land leads to an abundance of material resources which can nourish and cultivate community.

Social permaculture implies a second narrative possibility that sounds like this: permaculture practiced in the community leads to an abundance of material resources which can nourish and cultivate the land.”  ~ Butterside.com

Farm
Eden Heights Garden

Social and Ecological Permaculture Design Certification Course

March 7th-19th 2016 – Mon. to Fri.

The course is being designed and delivered by Jeff “Papillon” Ribier of the ButterSide and Mike Wird of Regenerative Lifestyles, Colorado, and is based on the classic Permaculture curriculum as inspired by the work of Bill Mollison and David Holmgren.

It will take place in the Castle Bruce area at Eden Heights and Beyond Vitality plus various other sites across the island.

This certification course will expose participants to a wide variety of subjects in the form of lectures, demonstrations and hands-on workshops.  You will be studying in some of Dominica’s most beautiful gardens as well as in devastated and urbanized areas.  Residing on the design sites at Beyond Vitality and Eden Heights, looking through the lens of Permaculture, you will develop a deeper understanding of social and ecological patterns, principles and appropriate strategies.  And most importantly, the quality of the relationships between them.  There will be a series of presentations by local community organizers, farmers, botanists, builders too.

One thing you know when you visit Dominica whether you have an intricately planned itinerary or not there will be something more …

… because Dominica is such a spontaneous natural environment there is always more to enjoy then what is planned – a beautiful rainbow; the visit of an iguana;  a ripe fruit; the heavenly scent of flowers; the call of a bird.

The organizers are going out of their way to have both Dominican and International Students be able to participate. In my opinion this is essential for a truly eco sustainable educational tourism program.

This will enable the rare blending of those from Dominica interested in organic farming with those interested in organic farming throughout the world – I am sure a lifetime of friendships will evolve!

International Students:

You can choose to take a one week or two week program.

Early-bird rates end on December 15th, 2015.

Dominican Students:

Scholarships are available to a limited number of people – checkout who complete the PDC scholarship application form and return it to Sian at Eden Heights by January.

The program is available for people who can only attend a couple of days of workshops, as well as those interested in completing the whole course. Exact dates and topics for the 2 day packages will be confirmed in January.

There is a limited number of spots for this course, don’t wait too long.

Final sign-up deadline is February 1st, 2016 (no refunds are available beyond this date).

If you miss the deadline or wished there were a possibility for a payment plan, don’t give up!  We’ll work it out.

Contact us to see what can be arranged.  If you are choosing a payment plan, a non-refundable $300 deposit is required upon registration. Your registration will be handled with care and you will be on our standby list for the first available opening.

Accommodation is organized on a first registered/first served basis.

The link below gives you an overview of the itinerary; the topics covered during the training as well s the credentials of the teachers.

http://www.butterside.com/#instructors-guest-speakers

GENET is a European network of non-governmental non-profit organisations engaged in the critical debate of genetic engineering, founded in 1995. GENET‘s mission  is to provide information on genetic engineering to its member organisations and the interested public and to support their activities and campaigns. At the moment, GENET has 51 member organisations in 27 European countries. GENET is an international non-profit association under Swiss law.

The purpose of GENET is to exchange information on genetic engineering and campaigns focussing on:

  • plant and animal breeding
  • human health
  • agriculture
  • animal welfare
  • food production

and its implications on

  • biological diversity
  • human genetics and medicine
  • the environment
  • the socioeconomic development

By informing interested organisations and individuals GENET facilitates the citizens’ involvement in decision-making processes which have to guide the development of this technology.

List of GMO-Free Regions

Dominica is listed as GMO Free on this website.

GM Crop report relating to: Dominica

 

Monsanto ……… repeatedly allowed to sell products that poison the population contribute to disease and poison our food; when will we start making them accountable for the damage they have done?

France stops sale of Roundup; Canada stops sale of Roundup; Netherlands stops the sale of Roundup …… when this happens they sell the left overs to Dominica and other small nations by the time all stock is gone the next pesticide is starting ….. and we have a sudden increase in cancer.

To quote Pesticide Action Network of North America – PANNA

“If you’ve been following the recent big news about Monsanto’s infamous weedkiller RoundUp and cancer, you’ll have heard that industry’s “dirty little secret” just got dirtier.

In case you missed it: the international scientific community sent us two very loud wake-up calls last month. First, the UN World Health Organization’s prestigious International Agency for Research on Cancer released a consensus report that glyphosate, the active ingredient in RoundUp, is a “probable carcinogen.”

A few days later, a team of international scientists based in New Zealand reported that widely available commercial formulations of RoundUp, 2,4-D and dicamba can lead to the development of antibiotic resistance in common disease-causing bacteria.

In addition to these findings, there’s a growing body of evidence on health impacts associated with exposure to glyphosate or RoundUp, such as endocrine disruption, organ damage and birth defects.”

The next question is – where were the studies? Why did the studies not show these connections? Who pays for this? What happens to all the sucker farmers that planned gm roundup plants? Does Monsanto pay up? No they keep raking in the dollars – while we get sick from exposure to the chemicals they create and market falsely.

Unfortunately you and I and our tax dollars pay for this …… in the care of those ill from exposure!”

Pesticide Action Network of North America

But …. not to despair; the world is a living entity that can heal: I saw Lake Erie become so polluted it started on fire heal; I saw the river in my town stop a paper mill from polluting the river and the green scum went away; and in Canada just One Year After Ontario Ban on Roundup there has been over 80% Decline of Most Common Pesticides in Surface Waters – meaning Canadians will have less cancer in the years to come.

Ontario first in North America to curb bee-killing neonicotinoid pesticides

Farmers and the province have agreed to rules for reduction that begins July 1, while the manufacturer maintains the controversial insecticide is safe.

 

http://www.thestar.com/news/queenspark/2015/06/09/ontario-first-in-north-america-to-ban-bee-killing-neonicotinoid-pesticides.html

I remember being totally shocked when a friend of mine who worked in the produce industry said that fruits and vegetables are sometimes soaked in a chemical (sulphites) to make them look fresh.

Sulphites are a group of chemical agents added to food, beer and wine that prevent bacterial growth. 10 percent of all consumers have a immediate reaction to  sulphites. Many have minor irritations, however asthmatics and those who are sensitive to the irritant effect of sulfites can have severe reactions.

My first thought was yes the food does not show spoilage but: what about the nutritional value; what about the side effects of the sulphites.

In my humble opinion it seems like all new foods are being developed from a money making concept not nutritional.

GMO experts are following the same line; not new more nutrient dense varieties – they have created GMO apples and potatoes that last longer.

Why Scientists are worried about the new GMO.

I love the name of this farm too.

Karen and Roy have never wavered from their dedication to farming organically and promoting organic farming within Dominica and the Caribbean.

They have an innovative way of marketing and selling their produce. They send out a weekly email describing what they have; you have time to peruse what’s available that week in the peace and quiet of your home/office; then you place your order by email at least 24 hours in advance. Then you pick it up at the Saturday market in Roseau. Their newsletters are informative and enjoyable to read.

You can just visit their booth at the Farmer’s Market Saturday morning if you wish but a few of their items are available only by email so always check to see if it is a request or special order item so you don’t get disappointed.

Roots Farm are there from about 6:30 AM to just after Noon.

Their table is right across from KFC on Hanover Street.

Note: there is a service charge of $5 for orders under $75.

The following is an example of their email newsletter.

THIS WEEK’S PRODUCE:

FRUITS & FRUIT TREES: Grapefruit, Red or White: 5/$2. For juice and fresh eating although still a little tart. Grapefruit helps control weight with flavonoids that block the uptake of fatty acids into cells, protects heart health with generous amounts of vitamin C, folic acid, potassium, and pectin, and helps protect against cancer. Pink and red varieties contain additional valuable anti-oxidants and red contains lycopene, a phytochemical that helps prevent the LDL cholesterol damage. Despite its own acidity, grapefruit has a beneficial alkalizing effect on the body. Cautions: grapefruit may halt the metabolism of some drugs, while excessive consumption can leach calcium from the body system, causing decay of the bones and teeth.

Strawberry Plants: in Flats: $10 each or 2 in same pot for $15. PLEASE REQUEST. These are a medium size real Northern type strawberry with very good real strawberry flavor. The type has been demonstrated to thrive and produce in higher elevations (Cochrane and Bellevue Chopin) in Dominica, but not tested, to my knowledge, along coast although the Taiwanese had a similar (same?) variety that did well in the Stock Farm area. Plants are vigorous producer of runners (more plants for you).

Tanmawen dezenn Seedlings: aka Tamawe de zen/Spanish Tamarind/Chinee tambran: (Vangueria madagascariensis): $20. PLEASE REQUEST. Well rooted, 2-2.5′ seedlings. Sweet, almost date like fruit, usually eaten dry in Dominica, although used fresh elsewhere. Grows as a profusely branched shrub or small tree, 2-15 m tall. Does best in drier parts of island. Species getting rare; deserves to survive: have room for a tree? ______________________________________________________________________

ROOTS

Turmeric aka “Saffwan”: 8 oz/$2.50. This celebrated health-boosting spice is not usually found organically grown and is easy to store for months. Mostly used dried, as in curry powder, fresh root tastes even better than dry grated into rice, beans, soups, etc. for color and warm, peppery flavor. Good grated into pesto or raw foods too. A true superfood, TCM and Ayurvedic Medicinal star known for strengthening and improving digestion, elimination and metabolism; supporting healthy liver function and detoxification; purifying blood; acting as an anti-inflammatory; containing curcuminoids that fight cancer, arthritis, and Alzheimer’s; and so much more. Note: surfaces (and hands) coming in contact with cut turmeric will get orange stains which eventually wear off. Also note that consuming with black pepper vastly increases the availability of turmeric’s healthful properties.

Yams, White & Lady’s: $2.50/lb Lady’s; $2/lb White. Limited supply. Yams provide some protein and a lot of starch, in the form of complex carbohydrates and soluble dietary fiber (which together are recommended as low glycemic index healthy food which also reduces constipation, decreases bad or “LDL” cholesterol levels, and helps prevent colon cancer). Yams also provide vitamin c and minerals.

VEGETABLES

Bean, Lima — fresh: $5/lb; $2.75/.5 lb. in shell (must be shelled before cooking); 7.5 oz/$6 shelled. Also called Butter Beans, fresh limas may just be the next best thing to edamame or fresh green peas. They also make an excellent hummus, replacing chickpeas. Cook lightly. Limas are a very good source of cholesterol-lowering, blood-sugar modulating fiber, making them an especially good choice for individuals with diabetes, insulin resistance or hypoglycemia. When combined with whole grains such as rice, lima beans provide virtually fat-free high quality protein. They are an excellent source of molybdenum and iron and can make a major contribution to heart and cardiovascular health due to their folate and magnesium content. Their manganese helps energy production and acts as an antioxidant to disable free radicals.

Bean, Lima — Dry: $9/lb. shelled. Limited supply Dry limas require long cooking like other dry beans, but similarly reward with flavor and nutrition. Limas are a very good source of cholesterol-lowering, blood-sugar modulating fiber, making them an especially good choice for individuals with diabetes, insulin resistance or hypoglycemia. When combined with whole grains such as rice, lima beans provide virtually fat-free high quality protein. They are an excellent source of molybdenum and iron and can make a major contribution to heart and cardiovascular health due to their folate and magnesium content. Their manganese helps energy production and acts as an antioxidant to disable free radicals.

Christophene/Chayote: 3/$2. Mild flavored and low calorie, christophene is most often served cooked but can also be enjoyed raw in salads. Skin and seed are also edible (as are leaves and roots). It is rich in amino acids, vitamins (especially Vitamin C and folate), antioxidants, minerals and fiber.

Edible “Hibiscus” (Hibiscus manihot, Bele or Abelmoschus manihot) – LEAVES: 10 oz/$2.50. Nice tasting, large highly nutritious leaves are mucilaginous, so are a good quick-cooking thickener for soups, but can also be steamed, stir-fried, or used as other greens. Bele makes the best ever “kale chips” (Wash & dry the leaves & spray or toss lightly with cooking oil, then sprinkle with salt & your choice of spices/herbs. Spread single layer onto baking pan and bake at 275-300 F about 10-15 minutes until crisp. Enjoy right away or store in air tight container to preserve crispness.) Also makes a great wrap, either raw or cooked, for your delectable fillings (see recipe at: http://www.ecobotanica.com.au/Stuffed-Vine-Leaves-Using-Edible-Hibiscus-Leaves-bgp1032.html), Among the most nutritious of greens, Bele is very high in vitamins A and C, in iron and protein. Used in numerous Asian healing systems to relieve inflammation, urinary infection, chronic bronchitis, pain and irritation. Its stems are antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral. The bark is said to be emmenagogue, increasing menstruation and should be avoided by pregnant women. To be on safe side, perhaps leaves should be avoided as well by pregnant women. A paste of the bark is used to treat wounds and cuts; the root juice is warmed and applied to sprains; the juice of the flowers is used to treat chronic bronchitis and toothache; and the plant is thought to increase bone density.

Edible “Hibiscus” (aka Hibiscus manihot, Bele, Abelmoschus manihot) – STEMS: $1, 2 oz sample pack. PLEASE REQUEST. Lovely light-sweet flavor like nothing else I know, the stems are wonderful by themselves as a crunchy (but also slightly gooey) healthy snack or chopped into salads, soups, stir-fries; juiced into smoothies and green drinks; as crudités, etc. Lots of potential for creative use to capitalize on unique flavor. Older stems may need the outer layer peeled. Stems are antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral. Please read cautions above for leaves.

Mustard Leaves: 50 cents/oz. Limited supply. Another of the cruciferous superstars (like kale & broccoli) whether used young and relatively mild or mature and strong flavored. Use fresh for pepping up your salad, sandwiches, omelets, or cooking. Mustard’s bite mellows somewhat when cooked. Mustard provides plentiful vitamins, minerals, fiber, detox & cardiovascular support, anti-oxidant & anti-inflammatory benefits. Folks with kidney and/or gallbladder problems should probably avoid due to oxalate content. Lots of good info at: www.whfoods.com

Pumpkin: $1.25/lb whole; VERY LARGE pumpkins. $2.00/lb. slices. Fully ripe & dry. Typical Dominican sweet delicious pumpkin delivers the vitamin benefits of both a fruit and a vegetable. Like other orange vegetables, pumpkin has high vitamin A content. It also has significant amounts of vitamin C, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, B-6 and folate and provides iron, potassium, calcium and magnesium.

Sweet Potato Greens: 10 oz/$2.50. Say what? Sweet potato leaves are delicious and nutritious and widely used in Africa and Asia. Steam, saute, add to soups and stews or cook like any quick-cooking green. According to FAO leaflet No. 13 – 1990, they are a good source of vitamins A, C, and B2 (riboflavin), and an excellent source of lutein. According to research from the University of Arkansas, sweet potato leaves are high in disease-fighting antioxidants, containing 15 different compounds helpful for preventing heart disease, diabetes, infection and some types of cancer.

HERBS

Basil: $2.50/Regular Mix; $3/any single variety or special mix. Protects cell structures as well as chromosomes from radiation and oxygen-based damage and provides protection against unwanted bacterial growth, including the ability to inhibit several species of pathogenic bacteria that have become resistant to commonly used antibiotic drugs. In addition, basil qualifies as an “anti-inflammatory” food that can provide important healing benefits along with symptomatic relief for individuals with inflammatory health problems like rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel conditions. Basil is a good source of nutrients essential for cardiovascular health, including Vitamin A and magnesium, as well as iron, calcium, potassium and vitamin C. As a member of the Mint family, basil is used for its digestive and anti-gas properties. Herbalists also recommend it for stomach cramps, vomiting, constipation, headaches, and anxiety. We have the following types available. Please let us know if you want us to bring a specific type for you.

Basil, Holy Green aka Tulsi: $3. Stars in Ayurvedic healing as: nerve tonic, stomach, heart and kidney strengthener, dengue preventive, and blood purifier as well as for stress, memory, fever, colds and flu, coughs, skin disorders, headaches, eye problems, hypertension, and much more. Lovely in a bouquet or for tea or cooking, but not really a culinary substitute for Italian/pesto basils. Recent fame as a Swine Flu deterrent/ameliorative. See: www.holy-basil.com

Basil, Holy Red: $3. PLEASE REQUEST. Like Holy Green Basil, but stronger tasting, Holy Red is a super herb medicinally: supports cortisol, blood sugar, protects cells from radiation damage, and so much more. Also lovely in a bouquet or for tea or cooking, but not really a substitute for Italian/pesto basils.

BASIL MIXES:

Basil Regular/Tea Mix: may include: Lemon, Thai, Malaysian, Holy Red, Holy Green (Tulsi), East Indian, Cinnamon/Mexican, Italian, Anise, various showy spicy purple basils, local (Spicy Globe) and more. May contain dark colors or stronger flavors than the Pesto or Southeast Asian mixes. Good for teas, but also for cooking or salad herbs. Basil protects cell structures as well as chromosomes from radiation and oxygen-based damage and against unwanted bacterial growth. In addition, it qualifies as an “anti-inflammatory” food that can provide important healing benefits along with symptomatic relief for individuals with inflammatory health problems like rheumatoid arthritis or inflammatory bowel conditions. Basil is a good source of nutrients essential for cardiovascular health, including Vitamin A and magnesium, as well as iron, calcium, potassium and vitamin C..

Basil, Pesto Mix: $3. Heavy on Italian, Thai, Malaysian, Lemon, Blue Spice & other varieties that make a great pesto and none of the stronger tasting (e.g., East Indian, Anise, Cinnamon) or red varieties. Do try substituting cooked breadnuts for pine nuts/almonds and coconut oil for olive oil for a wholly local version of pesto that equals or betters the traditional Italian. Purslane or papalo can be added to increase the nutritional value and add further depth to the taste. Basil,

SouthEast Asian Mix: $3. PLEASE REQUEST. Thai and Malaysian varieties. In SE Asian cooking, these are usually added at the very end of cooking to retain bright green color. Can also be used for pesto.

Bay Leaves: Fresh. PLEASE REQUEST. In addition to its culinary uses (soups, stews, sauces, etc.), Sweet bay is used medicinally as a tea to soothe the stomach and relieve flatulence and in ointments to relieve the aches and pains associated with rheumatism, and for sprains, bruises, and skin rashes. Do not use if pregnant or breast-feeding.or are scheduled for surgery in the next two weeks as it might cause excessive sedation combined with medications. Folk use: Cancer, dandruff, and relieving gas.

Chinese Garlic Chive aka Chinese Leek: Wonderful in and on most everything, raw or cooked (add at end of cooking for best flavor). Flavor like a mild garlic-onion cross. Low fat, high in fiber, Vitamin C and carotene, plus moderate calcium, Vitamins B1 and B2. In Chinese medicine, garlic chives are considered to be a yin or warming food that like other members of the garlic and onion family, contain a sulphur-rich mustard oil that aids digestion and helps promote the flow of blood.

Chive, Fine: PLEASE REQUEST. Limited supply. Used for delicate “onion” flavor, raw or cooked, and as a garnish. Chives aid digestion and stimulate appetite, are good for the respiratory system, help reduce the risk of prostate cancer, and have anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties.

Culantro/Chadron Benee/Shado beni/Recao: By any name, this herb tastes like cilantro and is used similarly, as well as starring in Puerto Rican specialties like sofrito and salsas. Nutritionally, it offers calcium, iron, carotene, and riboflavin. Its medicinal value includes as a tea for pneumonia, flu, diabetes, constipation, depression, fevers, and blood purification. It is also used in chutneys as an appetite stimulant and is reported to have anti-convulsant properties and to help with vomiting and diarrhea. In addition to packages of leaves, we can supply the flower/seed scapes, the plant part most commonly used locally in tea, rum or food.

Dill: Limited supply. PLEASE REQUEST. Most commonly used in pickles, salads and fish dishes, dill has chemoprotective and bacteriostatic properties and is a very good source of calcium. Dill is also a good source of dietary fiber and the minerals manganese, iron and magnesium.

Lemon Balm: PLEASE REQUEST. Mint family herb useful in salad or for fish, also makes a lovely, almost flowery) tasting tea with antibacterial and antiviral properties (effective against herpes simplex) also useful as a mild sedative or calming agent. Try it in your own unique version of Mojito. Lemon balm should be avoided by those on thyroid medication as the herb may inhibit absorption.

Lemon Grass PLEASE REQUEST. With the bulb for Thai and other SE Asian (and other) recipes; leaves for tea. Grating the bulb or fine slicing it into whatever sauce, curry, stir-fry, etc. you are making gives a lovely flavor accent and benefits of the fiber and other nutrients, but the stalk and leaves could also be pounded or bruised and added to your pot for flavor and removed before serving. Lemongrass, ginger and garlic are wonderful as flavoring combo. for a winged bean stir-fry. See recipes at: recipes.epicurean.com. Lemongrass has many antioxidant, anti-tumor, antibacterial, and antifungal agents. It is used as a sedative/calming agent, to detoxify digestive organs, to stimulate digestion and blood circulation, and for hypertension.

Mints Mix Peppermint, Spearmint and a local (lovely, but unknown variety) mint. Culinary use in salads, mint jelly, tea, mojitos, more. Relieves many kinds of stomach distress, contains phytonutrients shown to stop growth of tumors, inhibits various bacteria and fungal growth, has anti-oxidant properties, helps airways stay free in asthma and colds, and provides nutrients like manganese, vitamin C and vitamin A, dietary fiber, folate, iron, magnesium, and calcium, vitamin B2, omega-3 fatty acids, potassium and copper. And we haven’t even mentioned mojitos yet.

Moringa Leaves, fresh (Dry also available): 2 oz/$3. Currently widely hyped but with good reason as Moringa is a powerful nutrient rich food, potent detoxifier, and therapeutic support for numerous health challenges and conditions. Loaded with vitamins and minerals, and protein with all 8 essential amino acids, plus others, and 46 anti-oxidants, it also tastes good (slightly spicy) fresh in salads, as garnish, in green drinks or lightly cooked addition to most anything. Moringa functions as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiparasitic. It balances sugar and cholesterol levels, stimulates the immune system and metabolism, supports digestion and protects liver and kidneys. Caution: may not be appropriate for those taking blood-thinning medications and the seeds, powerful detoxicants, may cause problems with intestinal walls, kidney & liver if taken daily or in excessive amounts. Leaves can be utilized daily. See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3retnQVSOs&feature=share Click HERE for even more about Moringa.

Parsley, Italian Flat: A little milder and sweeter than curly parsley and used the same. Has similar anti-oxidant and anti-carcinogenic properties, benefits heart health and rheumatoid arthritis, and provides generous amounts of Vitamins K, C, A, and Folate, plus iron. Makes a great tabouleh.

Parsley, Japanese, aka Mitsuba: PLEASE REQUEST. Unique flavor, said to taste like angelica, celery, and parsley. All parts are edible, fresh or cooked in soups, salads, tempura batter, rice, as seasoning, etc. Cook lightly only as it can get bitter and lose taste if cooked for more than a few minutes. Offers Vitamins A, B’s, C, E and K, as well as minerals. Medicinally used for women’s complaints and in the treatment of hemorrhages, colds, and fevers.

Sage: Limited supply. PLEASE REQUEST. Culinary. American traditional favorite for poultry, stuffings. sausages, ground meats, fish, salads, soups, and stews. Also serves as an antispasmodic, antiseptic, astringent, diaphoretic, expectorant, nervine, and tonic. Small bunches.

Shimonita Scallions: 60 cents/oz, about $3-4/stem, depending on size. PLEASE REQUEST. Large Sweet Scallion variety from Japan: Very special. No waste: the green tops are delicious cooked in most everything. You’d be hard pressed to tell this from leeks by flavor, although texturally leeks are creamier after cooking. Like other scallions or “sive,” Shimonita has vitamin and mineral benefits (vitamin K, essential to blood clotting and strong bones; vitamin A, supporting eye health and cellular function; vitamin C with its antioxidant and many other virtues; folate, for energy production and birth defect prevention; Calcium, strengthening bones and teeth; Magnesium, which helps with muscle contraction, energy production and enzyme and protein activity; Potassium for regulating electrical activity, including heart beat, mineral and fluid balance; and manganese, a trace mineral that acts as an antioxidant. TCM uses scallions for dispersing chill and colds, relieving congestion, fighting fungal and bacterial infections, and relaxing muscle tension.

Soursop Leaves: PLEASE REQUEST. Fresh or dry. Lovely tasting tea is used for sleep inducing qualities and cancer prevention and cure. Scientific research conducted by The U.S. National Cancer Institute concluded that Soursop leaves can effectively attack and destroy cancer cells. In addition to this, folk uses include for: inflammation, rheumatism, diabetes, nerves, skin conditions (boils, eczema, etc.), liver, bladder & uric acid, and many more uses. Not for use by folks with low blood pressure or taking hypertensive drugs without proper monitoring of blood pressure.

Thyme, Broad Leaf aka Grosdite: aka Cuban oregano, Spanish Thyme. PLEASE REQUEST. Used for chicken, fish, meat, beans, pelau, risotto, as part of Jamaican “jerk” seasoning, and as part of green seasoning. Can be used in same ways as common thyme, but has stronger flavor, and is often used chopped fresh. Grosdite has antibacterial and fungicidal properties and is used for stomach complaints, fevers, colds, coughs, sore throats, infections, rheumatism and flatulence.

CHOCOLATE! CHOCOLATE BARS: $15/4oz or 110 gm bar. A not overly sweet treat made by Alan Napier at Pointe Baptiste estate in Calibishie. Bars may be ordered from the list below or you can take your chances at the table. Nearly all the cocoa used is grown organically either on the estate or bought from people who grow their cocoa organically. Currently we have the following varieties in stock: Coffee chocolate with organic Robusta coffee; 60% cocoa Dark chocolate with 80% cocoa Ginger chocolate with 60% cocoa Hot Pepper chocolate with 60% cocoa Milk chocolate with 50% cocoa — SOLD OUT Mint chocolate with 60% cocoa Spice chocolate with nutmeg, cinnamon and clove; 60% cocoa Tangerine chocolate with 60% cocoa

COCOA POWDER: SOLD OUT temporarily $5/100 gm packet. PLEASE REQUEST. This is 100% cocoa powder, derived after Alan presses the cocoa to extract the cocoa butter (which he then mixes with more cocoa to make chocolate. The cocoa powder is used for making cakes, cocoa tea, etc. In Europe it is sold in shops as Vanhouten cocoa powder. This is really beautiful delicious cocoa. For a special treat try these divine Chocolate Energy Balls: http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-10534/raw-recipe-chocolate-energy-balls.html _________________________________________________________________________________

ORGANIC FERTILIZERS: $15/2 Kg Bag. PLEASE REQUEST. Imported from Belgium by W.M. Hollerman. (Holldom2@gmail.com, 316-2026) from whom larger size bags are also available. This is what we use, along with our own compost and pen manure (when we can get it uncontaminated with antibiotics or arsenic or other of the problematic additives to commercial feed passed through to the manure). We are very impressed with the results we get from this line of fertilizers. Three formulas are available:

VIVISOL: SOIL CONDITIONER/MICROBIAL STIMULATOR: Use in each planting hole, when planting new fields and also after sowing/incorporating young plants in the soil. Provides organic matter, improves physical and biological soil fertility, increases water retention capacity, improves soil structure. The stimulation of soil life will result in higher yields, especially for tropical fruit trees. Use 5-15 kg/100m2 or about one 8 oz cup per square meter or per 3.2×3.2 foot (10.7 square feet)

VIVIKALI — FRUITS, ROOTS, TUBERS, ORNAMENTALS: Slow, continuous release provides a lot of potassium and is best used 1.5 months before fruit formation to give a lot of energy to form big thick juicy fruits or root and tuber crops or for ornamentals not needing nitrogen. Apply 5-10 kg/100 m2 or about 4 oz. per square meter or per 3.2×3.2 foot (10.7 square feet)

PLANTORGANO — BASIC FERTILIZER, VEGETABLES: Good as an initial first fertilization or together with Vivisol in the planting hole or after sowing/planting. Apply 10-15 kg/100 m² or about one 8 oz cup per square meter or per 3.2×3.2 foot (10.7 square feet) (depending on the crop)